Important Vitamins and Minerals for Your Dog

By The Bark Editors, September 2011, Updated June 2021
essential vitamins and minerals for dogs

Make sure your dog is getting the right vitamins and minerals. The vitamins and minerals in these essential canine functional superfoods will help your dog fight disease, boost energy and maintain good health in general.

W. Jean Dodds, DVM, says “The functional effect of a food is only as good as the sum of its ingredients. Functional superfoods [have] the most beneficial effects on health: they reduce chronic inflammation and promote healing; are powerfully antioxidant, antimicrobial and antitumor; and are even believed to delay aging.”

For the majority of dog guardians, feeding dogs commercial food makes the most sense; it is not only convenient, but—if they select high-quality food made by companies with proven records of ingredient integrity—it provides their dogs with a generally wholesome. But there are a lot of factors in commercial pet food to consider and they might not provide your dog vitamins and minerals for a “complete and balanced” diet.

It's easy to add vitamins and minerals to your dogs diet with super foods. They make great additions to your dog’s diet—whether you feed packaged dog food or home cook meals.


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Vitamin ACarrots, spinach, liver, pumpkin, sweet potatoes, fish oil, eggs, turnip greens
Vitamin DMarine fish oil, fatty fish, egg yolks, dairy products, liver, beef, cottage cheese
Vitamin EPlant oils, leafy green vegetables, seeds, wheat germ, bran, whole grains, liver
Vitamin KLiver, leafy green vegetables, milk, cabbage, fish
Vitamin CFruits, vegetables, organ meats
Vitamin BWhole grains, nutritional or brewers yeast, liver, beans, green vegetables, spirulina, nuts, dairy products


CalciumMilk, yogurt, tofu, sardines with bones, raw bones, bok choy, green beans, broccoli, cauliflower
PhosphorousAll animal tissues, eggs, fish, milk
MagnesiumSpinach, broccoli, green beans, tofu, tomato juice, beans, whole grains, seafood
Sodium and
Fruits, vegetables, milk, grain


ZincSpinach, broccoli, yogurt, beef, poultry, whole grains, vegetables
SulfurAll protein foods (meats, fish, poultry, eggs, legumes and milk)
IronRed meats, fish, poultry, shellfish, eggs, legumes
IodineIodized salt, seafood, dairy products, kelp
SeleniumSeafood, meat, whole grains, brown rice, vegetables
CooperSeafood, nuts, whole grains, seeds, legumes
ManganeseNuts, whole grains, leafy vegetables
ChromiumLean meat, vegetable oils, brewers yeast
CobaltLiver, kidney, fruit, vegetables
FluorineAvailable in water
MolybdenumLegumes, cereals, organ meats
SiliconCereals, vegetables, beans and peas
Article first appeared in The Bark, Issue 66: Sept/Oct 2011

Photo: Shutterstock